Principles of Designing a House
Looking for principles of designing a house? Then here we will explain to you.
Designing a house is an art and it needs to be perfect.
Below are the house designing principles that may help in designing your home.
Main principles of designing a private house
The first principle.
In an already existing project of a country house, a certain number of premises are located in the most acceptable way. At the same time, they adhere to the minimum parameters for premises:
- ceiling height from 2.5 meters;
- kitchen area from 5 square meters;
- bedroom area from 6 square meters;
- living room or common room area from 12 square meters;
- the width of the kitchen is at least 1.7 meters;
- the width of the corridor is at least 1 meter.
At a minimum, the living room, kitchen and bedroom should have natural daylight, that is, windows. In construction, a certain ratio of window openings to floor area is accepted as 1: 5.5-8. Ventilation in these rooms is carried out through the vents in the windows.
If a staircase is planned in the house, then the staircase should be 90 cm, and the maximum slope of the spans should be 40-45 0 . The number of steps in one flight of stairs should be at least 3 and not more than 18, and their step should be from 45 to 50 cm.
A large number of rooms can be placed on a strictly specified area of the house, however, the comfort of the residents will suffer significantly from this – it will be impossible to place furniture in too cramped rooms and be more than two or three people.
The second principle.
The required number of premises of a given area is grouped in a convenient way for future residents, and then clothed in a frame made of timber, bricks, panels. The attractiveness of this principle is that it is possible to create a home that fully meets the needs and wishes of the family. However, at the same time, the risk of overestimating the possibilities and starting construction of a country house exceeding the capabilities is very large.
How to choose the right house project
First of all, it depends on whether a house will be built for permanent or seasonal residence. Then you need to take into account all the features of the site – its shape, location, relief. The house must be located at least 5 meters from the fence. The study of the site will help you understand how to correctly position the structure on the ground – where to orient the windows, the entrance group, the solid wall.
A clear idea of the future house and its layout will help – this way it will be possible to choose a project for a house of a certain area with a given number of rooms. It is important to keep the proportion between the size of the house and the plot. You can win an area on a small plot by building a one and a half or two-story house. On a spacious plot, you can build a large one-story house – there is enough space for everyone.
We take into account important nuances
- It is best to orient the windows of the rooms to the south – this will allow you to save on heating in the future.
- The bathroom and sauna can be placed in the northern part of the building.
- Before construction, it is recommended to conduct a geological survey of the site. This will help determine the type of soil on which the foundation depends and even the material of the house. Soft soils will not withstand a capital brick structure, so you will have to stop at a wooden or frame structure.
- Provide in advance a place for outbuildings, a garage or a carport.
- Conifers are best placed on the northern side of the site – they will successfully protect the building from cold winds. Outbuildings should also be included there, which will serve as a shield from the cold and unwanted glances.
- Along with the choice of a house project, it is advisable to think about the schematic landscape of the site.
With a reasonable approach to choosing a project, your future home will be modern, cozy and as comfortable as possible for the whole family.